What Data Points and Factors Should Investors Consider?

The stock market can be unpredictable, as many factors affect prices. By understanding what different data points and factors to consider, you’ll be able to determine whether or not it makes sense to invest at a given time. This knowledge will help you create better strategies for building your portfolio and growing wealth.


ESG stands for environmental, social, and governance. It describes how investors might take the real-world impacts of a company’s practices into account. For example, an investor may consider whether that company has a carbon footprint or if it produces materials in ways that are safe for humans and our planet. 


While you can readily obtain some ESG data points from third parties, many factors require more time to explore and understand. Inquire about a company’s ESG data management solution before investing to ensure stakeholders have access to important information.

Risk vs. reward

When investing, it’s essential to consider the risks involved carefully. No investment is without risk, but some are riskier than others. Some investors may be willing to take on a higher level of risk to achieve a greater return on their investment. Other investors may not be as willing or able. 


With any investment, the investor should review what factors make that particular type of investment risky and how those risks might affect them personally. It’s also vital for investors to pay attention to market volatility and whether there is enough upside potential for their investment with limited downside risk.

Favorable asset utilization

Asset utilization is a crucial data point that investors should consider when evaluating a company. A company with good asset utilization can generate more revenue with the same amount of assets, leading to higher profits


Additionally, companies with favorable asset utilization tend to have lower levels of debt and are better able to weather economic downturns. If an investor notices high debt levels at a company and a low level of asset utilization, it could indicate an inefficient business model or poor management practices.

Current and projected profitability

Any business worth investing in should be profitable or have a clear path to profitability. That means looking at both current profitability and projected profitability. To get an idea of current profitability, look at the business’s net income and cash flow. 


Net income refers to the total amount of money the business has made after paying taxes and expenses. The business’s cash flow is the total amount of money coming into and out of business. If more money is coming in than going out, that’s a good sign that the company will be profitable in the future. 

Conservative capital structure

A company’s capital structure is the way it finances operations and growth by using a combination of equity, debt, or hybrid securities. A conservative capital structure minimizes the use of debt and leaves more room for error. If business conditions deteriorate, the company will have less financial risk.

Before you go

Different types of data provide further insights into a company’s health and prospects for growth. Taking these factors gives you a more reliable measure of a company’s true worth.